Monday, 16 May 2011
You Do Know Prophet Muhammad (p) Did Not Conquer Jerusalem?
The reality is Jerusalem was taken over by the Muslims after the passing away of the Prophet (p). Second Caliph Umar (a companion of the Prophet, p) took control of Jerusalem in 638 CE – roughly 6 years after the passing away of the Prophet p:
The Surrender of Jerusalem
Jerusalem was besieged and its Greek Patriarch, the ‘honey tongue’ Sophronius’, who had been appointed by Emperor Heraclius [r. 610-641], soon capitulated, so that Umar ibn al Khattab, who was on a visit to the military camp of Jabiya (some twenty miles north of the Sea of Galilee) after the battle of Yarmuk, came in person to accept the submission. The terms of surrender were drawn up and given protection and allowed to follow their religion in return for payment of a poll tax which was less heavy than that which the Byzantines had imposed upon them. Umar visited the site once occupied by the Temple of Solomon, and ordered that a mosque be built there which later came to bear his name.
Umar’s Humble Entrance
To emphasise the utterly simple life-style of Umar [modelled on the Prophet’s (saas) life] and the teaching of the concept of human equality in Islam, Muslim historians relate with pride how the barefoot Caliph entered Jerusalem clad in his usual rags and sharing a camel ride with his slave. This sight of Umar, one of the most powerful rulers of the world and new conqueror of the city, caused a great deal of astonishment among the local Greek Christian population, who were used to seeing the pompous ceremonies of Byzantine Emperors.
[Quotes taken from pages 67-68, A Chronology of Islamic History 570-1000 CE, 4th Edition, TaHa Publishers Ltd London]