Monday, 2 February 2015
Why? British Muslim Gangs, Prisons, Unemployment
The inequalities of Islamophobia, the lack of job prospects, qualifications and poor housing all contribute to Muslim gangs and criminal activity in the UK.
So rather than people using British Muslim crime stats to bash Muslims, why do they not actually look into some of the reasons why British Muslims are falling prey to criminal subcultures in the UK and mainland Europe...
Within criminological research, youth subcultures have been a focus of attention for many years. Attention has been placed upon young people, especially young men, due to their propensity to engage in the types of illegal or deviant activities that come to the attention of law enforcement authorities. According to Youn (1999, p.89), subcultures are 'jointly elaborated solutions to collectively experienced problems'. According to the Collins Dictionary of Sociology (Jary and Jary 1991, p. 638), a subculture is 'any system of beliefs, values and norms which is shared and actively participated in by an appreciable minority of people within a particular culture. The relationship of the subculture to the so-called dominant culture has been described as one of subordination and relative powerlessness.' Thus, structural inequalities of race, gender, Islamophobia and so forth impact upon individuals' everyday lives and so, to try and tackle the discrimination and marginalisation that they experience, individuals may seek out subcultural solutions.
...Muslim men, particularly South Asian men, have been assimilated into British culture. Elsewhere, a reporter in The Sunday Times claimed that the young men who are the genus most susceptible to Islamic extremism in this country are second-generation British Pakistanis, because of a lack of a sense of identity (Yaseer 2005). However, debates around assimilation appear to miss out key issues that arise when considering British Muslim identities and male Muslim youth subcultures. First, Muslims constitute the most socially and economically deprived faith group in the UK. Statistics show that Muslims are the most likely faith group to experience poor housing conditions, and that 42 percent of Muslim children live in overcrowded accommodation, compared to 12 percent for the general population; 12 percent live in households with no central heating, compared to 6 percent for all dependent children; and 35 percent are growing up in households where there are no adults in employment, compared with 17 percent for all dependent children (Choudhury 2004, p. 14). Furthermore, almost one third of Muslims of working age have no qualifications, the highest proportion for any faith group, and 17.5 percent of young Muslim people between the ages of 16 and 24 are unemployed compared to 7.9 percent of Christians and 7.4 percent of Hindus (Choudhury 2004, p. 16).
Islamic Political Radicalism - A European Perspective, Edited by Tahir Abbas, Disconnection and Exclusion: Pathways to Radicalism? Basia Spalek, Edingburgh University Press, p 199-200
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Invitation to Islam
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